In 1985, scientists discovered a virus they called HIV. The experts concluded that it was the HIV virus that caused AIDS.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that is transmitted from person to person through the exchange of infected body fluids.
through transfusions of blood or blood products
sharing needles to inject drugs
AIDS stands for: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome -AIDS is a medical condition. A person is diagnosed with AIDS when their immune system is too weak to fight off infections. Since AIDS was first identified in the early 1980s, an unprecedented number of people have been affected by the global AIDS epidemic. Today, there are an estimated 34 million people living with HIV and AIDS worldwide.
Even though antiretroviral treatment can prevent the onset of AIDS in a person living with HIV, many people are still diagnosed with AIDS today.
In many resource-poor countries antiretroviral treatment is not widely available. Even in wealthier countries, such as America, many individuals are not covered by health insurance and cannot afford treatment.
The main reasons for this are:
Some people who became infected with HIV in the early years of the epidemic before combination therapy was available, have subsequently developed drug resistance and therefore have limited treatment options.
Many people are never tested for HIV and only become aware they are infected with the virus once they have developed an AIDS related illness. These people are at a higher risk of mortality, as they tend to respond less well to treatment at this stage.
Knowledge Is Power! To Prevent HIV & AIDS, You Must Educate Yourself And Others With The Facts.
Fact 1: HIV is Spread By Exposing Yourself To Someone Else’s Body Fluids, Like:
Blood, Semen,Vaginal Fluids And Breastmilk. Some Activities Are:
Having Sex (Oral, Vaginal or Anal)
Sharing Needles and Syringes
Pregnant Women Can Infect Their Babies Before or During Birth or If They Breastfeed.
Fact 2: You Can Prevent Yourself & Others From Coming In Contact With The Virus By:
Not Having Sex (abstinence)
Staying In A Faithful Relationship With Someone Who Is Not Infected
Not Having Sex or Sharing Needles With Someone Who Has The Virus
Using Latex Condoms Every Time You Have Sex With Someone
Fact 3: HIV Virus Is Not Spread By Any Casual, Day-To-Day Contact
Hugging, Shaking Hands, Sharing Eating Utensils, Sharing Public Restrooms Is O.K.
Fact 4: People Who Are Infected With HIV Are:
Male. Female. From All Ethnic Groups.
...and Just Like Anyone Else Living With A Disease, They Need Love, Support And Understanding.
For HIV & AIDS Information, Call:
Austin Outreach and Community Service Center, Inc.